Monday, March 26, 2012

Surat al-Ikhlas [112], Allah and the Black God of Ancient Kemet (Egypt)

Qul: huwa llāhu āhad
Allāhu s-samad
Lam yalid wa-lam yulad
Wa-lam yakun lahu kufu’an āhad

1 Say: He Allah is One
2 Allah is the Eternal (as-samad)
3 He begets not, nor is He begotten
4 And none is equal to Him.

I.                   Say: He Allah is One

Rafiq Bilal and Thomas Goodwin, Egyptian Sacred Science in Islam (1987):

“An examination of the earliest religious writings known to man, indicates that the original concept of monotheism was the Egyptian ‘Neter of Neter’ or ‘Great Principle’ or ‘Great God’…In the earliest of texts, the archaic Egyptians give tribute to ‘the Great God’ from which all creation emanated.”

Albert Churchward, The Signs and Symbols of Primordial Man:  

“At the same time we must not forget that all of these different names of gods (in Egypt) were simply the attributes of the One God.  In the 17th chapter of the (Egyptian) Ritual it says: ‘His names together compose the cycle of the gods’…In the 17th chapter of ‘The Book of the Dead‘ it is said: ‘I am the Great God-self created, that is to say, who made his names’ - ‘the company of the gods of God.’”

The Book of Knowing the Evolutions of Ra:

“I am he who came into being in the form of Khepera, I was (or became) the creator of what came into being, the creator of what came into being all; after my coming into being many [were] the things which came into being coming forth from my mouth. Heaven existed not, nor existed earth, nor had been created the things of the earth, (i.e., plants) and creeping things in place that; I raised them up from out of Nu (i.e. the primeval abyss of water) from a state of inactivity... I laid a foundation in Maā [and] I made every attribute. I was alone, [for] I had not spit in the form of Shu, neither had I emitted Tefnut, nor existed another who worked with me. I made a foundation in my heart my own (or, by means of my own will) [and] there came into being the multitudes of things which came into being of the things which came into being from out of the things which came into being of births, from out of the things which came into being of their births.”

II.                Allah is The Eternal

Rafiq Bilal and Thomas Goodwin, Egyptian Sacred Science in Islam (1987):

“In the principle (neter) of Amon, the hidden, we have an important aspect of monotheism which is retained in…al-Islam, the unseeable, non-depictable character of the Almighty, The validity of the principle is further illustrated by the name Amen in Christian, Jewish and Islamic prayers. At the end of each prayer, we pronounce the name of this principle when we say: Amen.”

Albert Churchward, The Origin and Evolution of Religion (1924)”

“Amen, which was another name for Atum…In the hymns to Atem-Ra he is adored as one and the same as Atum, which shows that Amen is a later name for Atum; and he is represented as ‘the hidden god’ of Amenta, or ‘the secret earth.’” “Amen is the one god who is always depicted in human form…Amen…was the only deity in all Egypt who was expressly worshipped by the title of ‘Ankhu,’ the ever-living one eternal God. ”

III.             He begets not, nor is He begotten

He Begets Not:

William P. Brown, The Seven Pillars of Creation (2010):

“Unlike the theogonic pairs in Mesopotamian creation, Atum is a single parent, like Israel’s God YHWH.”

Utterance 600 of the Pyramid Texts as translated by R.O. Faulkner:

“O Atum-Kheprer, you became high on the height, you rose up as the bnbn-stone in the Mansion of the bn-bird in On, you SPAT OUT  (ishish) Shu, you SPIT OUT (tfnt) Tefnut, and you set your arms about them as the arms of a ka-symbol, that your essence might be in them.... 

Thus creation for Atum was not a literal begetting of the Gods.

Not Begotten:

J. Zandee, “The Birth-Giving Creator God in Ancient Egypt” (1992):  

“Atum is ‘complete’ as an androgynous god. He unites within himself masculinity and femininity. He possesses all conditions to bring forth the all out of him. He was a Monad and made himself millions of creatures which he contained potentially in himself. He was the one who came into being of himself (hpr ds.f), who was the creator of his own existence, the causa sui [cause of itself].”

From Theb. Tomb 157

“O [Atum-]Re who gave birth to righteousness, sovereign who created all this, who built his limbs, who modeled his body, who created himself, who gave birth to himself.”

Hieratic Coffin Text 714:

“I (Atum) created my body in my glory; I am he who made Myself; I formed Myself according to my will and according to my heart.”

IV.             And none is equal to Him.

Albert Churchward, The Origin and Evolution of Religion (1924):

“Atum-Ra declares that he is the One God, the one just or righteous God, the one living God…He is Unicus, the sole and only one (Rit., Chaps. 2, 17) beside whom there is none other…”

 Khonsu Cosmogony:

“Words spoken by Amen-Ra, King of the Gods…Amun in that name of his called Ptah created the egg (atom) that came forth from Nun (the primordial abyss).”

Leiden Hymn to Amun Re

“All gods are three:Amun, Re, Ptah, they have no equal.His name is hidden as Amun,he is Re in the face,and his body is Ptah.”

 Ma’atic Islam, or no Islam at all 

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